1. What roles do teachers play in curriculum planning?

★ Curriculum planning is defined as a decision-making process that is ultimately focused on the learners' experience. The responsibility of teachers is to organize teaching and learning, taking curriculum materials, and build a good curriculum framework for students. Furthermore, teachers have an important role in curriculum development.

2. What are the roles of administration in curriculum planning?

★ Educational institutions' courses are evaluated and improved by administrators and other authorities. Adiministrators also monitor the performance of teachers in terms of curriculum planning.

3. What are the purposes of schooling?

★ Schooling is a component of the formal curriculum in which students explore new ideas in order to improve their critical thinking skills. The goal of education, especially nowadays, is to prepare students for reality and to help them become productive and collaborative members of society.

4. How well does the curriculum prepare students to meet the current and future challenges of the social and political order?

★ Students will be properly equipped for the future through curriculum. The curriculum will serve as our foundation for being well-informed and adaptable. The curriculum ensures that we learn in a consistent manner and that we are prepared to deal with the various difficulties that affect our society.



Lesson 1.3 : Activity/Learning task

1. Name other subjects or discipline as example of subject design.

★ English, Science, Filipino and EPP

2. Name other subjects or disciplines as example s of the different types of integrated curriculum design.

★ Science, Mathematics, Economics and History

3. Give some advantages and possible pitfalls of subject design and integrated design.

★ It can give a deep understanding of the learners and the possible pitfalls of the subject design and integrated design is that it can be complex for them.

4. Name some schools nearby you that use a learner-centered curriculum.

★ San Roque Elementary School Tolosa Leyte

5. How do students learn in a learner- centered curriculum?

★ Through a learner-centered curriculum, the learners learn on their own, which develops their own abilities and skills, and it makes the learners more independent in discovering new ideas.

6. What are some benefits of having a learner-centerd curriculum?

★ Having a learner-centered is very helpful to the teachers and especially to the learners, because it gives them a lot of time to develop their critical thinking skills, and the teachers will only guide them and facilitate the learners.

7. Having a learner-centered curriculum in mind, answer the following questions below:

✓ What possible skills, knowledge, and values are emphasized in the curriculum?
★ It will emphasize their higher-level thinking skills, comprehension, positive attitude and behavior. All of those can lead learners to be more competitive.

✓ What possible learning experience can be provided?
★ It empowers learners to learn more and discover new knowledge and ideas.

✓ What about the learning environment?
★ Having a good learning environment is very important for building a harmonious relationship between the teachers and the students and for having a safe place where the learners can learn.

✓ What are the requirements of the curriculum for the teachers?
★ Teachers should serve as facilitators, encouraging students to learn on their own while guiding them at all times.

8. Name a school nearby that uses problem-centered design.

★ San Roque Elementary School Tolosa Leyte

9. Name some benefits and issues related to its implementation.

★ It allows them to expand their minds and think beyond what they normally would.

10. Identify some current issues and problems that can be used as a theme for a problem-based curriculum.

★ One of the problems is the unpreparedness of students and their lack of knowledge of what needs to be done to make the curriculum a success.



1. Choose a Linear curriculum development model and identify the possible strengths and weaknesses of each model when applied to the Philippines context.

★ Tyler's Rational Linear Model

- It gives clear direction for development process.
- Authentic evaluation
- Clear logical sequence

- Inflexibility
- Overemphasis on measurable outcomes

2. Choose a Cyclical curriculum development model and identify the possible strengths and weaknesses of each model when applied to the Philippines context.

★ Nicolls' and Nicolls' Model

- More relevant and responsive.
- Flexible
- Address curricular issues and propose innovations.

- Time consuming
- Curriculum workers are used to developing curricula following a linear model.

3. Which among these dynamic curriculum development models can be applied in the philippines context.

★ Skilbeck’s Curriculum Development Model

External link



1. Interview a DepEd teacher and about their process of school level curriculum implementation practices. Use the roles and functions identified on this lesson. Determine teacher roles as a curriculum workers on your e-portfolio.
★ During the interview, she says that before the pandemic, they used the k12 curriculum. Since they are struggling with this pandemic, they used a different curriculum. In this new normal, they used MELC. They unpack the MELC and create different strategies aside from modular. They crafted some assignments taken from the module and MELC for easier understanding. There is also an Aral TV program in which she is a member of the demo teacher team.But in the second face of the pandemic, they call it a new "new normal." They use modular and home visitation.


Article - The Instrument Developed to Evaluate Local Curriculum in Indonesia

1. In what way is Indonesia's educational system and the Philippines similar?

• The Philippines and Indonesia have similar education systems. They integrate different cultures and a diversity of people in school. They taught the different cultures to be aware of other people's cultures. In Indonesia, the regional characteristics and culture are such that the local government can collaborate with schools to incorporate regional characteristics. And they also have a curriculum evaluation for them to know if the implementation was effective so that if it is not enough, they can make changes to make the implementation successful.

2. Summarize the methodology used in evaluating a curriculum.

• To evaluate local curriculum developed by the local government .The research and development model used is the Borg & Gal (1983) model. Data were collected using focus group discussion (FGD) techniques with 14 people, including vice principals and teachers.

3. What tools where used to derive results?

• The tools used to derive the results are questionnaires.

4. What did the evaluators found out from the results of the study?

• Based on the result of the study, there are 7 items that are invalid and therefore cannot be used to evaluate the curriculum. There are 3 invalid items, which consist of 2 of the resource factors and 1 of the output factors. From the 60 items, only 50 items can be utilized to evaluate the curriculum: 22 items from the resource factor, 15 items from the process factor, and 13 items from the output factor.

5. What conclusion can you draw the study?

• This study is all about the similarities between Indonesia's and the Philippines' educational systems. This study is good because the instruments they used are very effective for coming up with relevant information. The instrument is accurate, and it is very helpful to the government and schools.

External link