Module 1: Understanding Curriculum
Learning Task 1.2
🔹Article No. 1: Curriculum Planning and Systems Change.
• What roles do teachers play in curriculum planning?
➡️ Classroom teachers are supposed tofollow closely the standards, frameworks, and guidelineslaid out in the programmatic curriculum; they have rela-tively less latitude in deciding what to teach and how toteach it (Cohen and Spillane, 1992). Teachers are the ones ultimately responsible for carryingout the programmatic curriculum in their classrooms.Programmatic curriculum planning affects classroom cur-riculum planning only if teachers understand and employthe adopted framework and materials. Teachers are notconduits for the use of a curriculum framework andrelated materials; as mentioned earlier, they interpretand transform the framework and materials in the lightof their experience, beliefs, and practice. This could further compound the impact of programmatic curricu-lum planning on the classroom curriculum. Teachers’entrenched beliefs, experience, and practice could over-ride the educational ideals and innovations embeddedin the programmatic curriculum. Curriculum Planning for Systems Change.
• What are the roles of administrators in curriculum planning?
➡️ Administrators and Schoolleaders could make decisions concerning the adoption ofa particular curriculum framework and related materialsas the programmatic curriculum for the school, classroom teachers are the ones ultimately responsible for carryingout the programmatic curriculum in their classrooms.Programmatic curriculum planning affects classroom curriculum planning only if teachers understand and employthe adopted framework and materials. Teachers are notconduits for the use of a curriculum framework andrelated materials; as mentioned earlier, they interpretand transform the framework and materials in the lightof their experience, beliefs, and practice. This could further compound the impact of programmatic curriculum planning on the classroom curriculum. Teachers’entrenched beliefs, experience, and practice could over-ride the educational ideals and innovations embeddedin the programmatic curriculum.
• What are the purposes of schooling?
➡️ School systems alwaysuse the institutional curriculum as convenient instrumentto communicate responsiveness to the outside commu-nities (Doyle, 1992a: 487).
• How well does the curriculum prepare students to meet the current and future challenges of the social and political order?
➡️ The curriculum helps the students to be well prepared and be ready enough and also they trained and challenged the students in order to face their future and for them to adapt in a different obstacles they will face.
Module 1: Curriculum Planning
Learning Task 1.3
Lesson 1.3 Activity/ Learning Task
Direction: Answer the following questions on your e-portfolio.
1. Name other subjects or disciplines as examples of subject design.
➡️ Mathematics, Science, History, Literature
2. Name other subjects or disciplines as examples of the different types of integrated curriculum design.
➡️ Mathematics, Arts, Physical Education
3. Give some advantages and possible pitfalls of subject design and integrated design.
➡️ The advantage of Integrated Curriculums is that it includes not only looking at topics in depth, but also offering a practical learning environment for students by using realia objects or real-life examples.
4. Name some schools nearby you that use a learner-centered curriculum.
➡️ Maribi Elementary School, Malaguicay Elementary School
5.How do students learn in a learner-centered curriculum?
➡️ Learner-centered education uses interactive strategies to engage the students and develop their abilities. This educational approach helps students develop skills such as decision making and problem solving, team work, and presentation skills that are relevant to the current labor needs. While the advantage of Subject-centered curriculum design makes curriculum preparation faster and more straightforward. Consider the time spent preparing, designing, and introducing the program. Think what happens at the first staff meeting, when each teacher is given his or her teaching load for the year and how this is to be mapped on the everyday school timetable. It is simple and easy to do in a short period of time.
6. What are some benefits of having a learner-centered curriculum?
➡️ The benefits of having learner-centered curriculum is that it Improves participation, Improves retention of knowledge, Boosts performance at work, Develops problem-solving skills, Fosters collaborative learning, Makes learning more fun, and it facilitates personalized learning.
7. Having a learner-centered curriculum in mind, answer the following questions below:
• What possible skills, knowledge, and values are emphasized in the curriculum?
➡️ One possible skill, knowledge and values emphasized in the curriculum is that habiy a complex cognitive skills such as reflection and critical thinking. an ability to apply knowledge to practical problems encountered in one's vocation, family, or other areas of life. an understanding and appreciation of human differences. practical competence skills like for example the decision making.
• What possible learning experiences can be provided?
➡️ Some possible learning experience that can be provided in a curriculum is that the Inquiry based learning and the experiential learning.
• What about the learning environment?
• What are the requirements of the curriculum for the teachers?
➡️ A learner-centered teacher must act as facilitators and guides, Embody core values that support deeper learning, truly encourage students drive their own learning, and Create real-world and authentic learning experiences.
8. Name a school nearby that uses problem-centered design.
9. Name some benefits and issues related to its implementation.
10. Identify some current issues and problems that can be used as a theme for a problem-based curriculum.
➡️ STUDENTS ARE NOT USED TO ACTIVE LEARNING.
Module 2: Curriculum Development and Implementation
Learning Task 2.1