Article No. 1: Curriculum Planning and Systems Change


Teachers' role in the curriculum planning is to development process to assist students in developing an engaged relationship with the content towards the curriculum. Active learning will improve curriculum focus and retention, creating an exciting learning environment. To deliver curriculum, teachers create lessons that include simulations, experiments, case studies, and activities. This interactive method combines curriculum and hands-on experiences to immerse students in learning. The curriculum process allows teachers to be creative and put their own stamp on the classroom experience.

The roles of Administrators in curriculum planning is the school administrators play an important role in shaping the school curriculum because they are in charge of developing the school's vision, philosophy, mission, and objectives. They provide the necessary leadership in evaluating teachers and school programs.

The purpose of schooling in the curriculum planning and systems change is to the provide meaningful learning opportunities to students in order to expand their knowledge, strengths, and capabilities towards in attaining the education. It is the development of the learners which is to improve the critical thinking of the learners, to build the progress of society, to handle or assist the students realization for their skills and also the learners to develop their creativity.

The curriculum prepare students to meet the current and future challenges of the social and political order through to share learnings and teach the learners in social and political orders, such as becoming literate about social and political issues, as well as to adapt technological advances in the world. Curriculum prepares students to be prepared and decent citizens in their communities.

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1. Name other subject or disciplines as of examples subject design.


2. Name other subjects or disciplines as examples of the different types of integrated
curriculum design.



•Physical Education

3. Give some advantages and possible pitfalls and of subject design and integrated design.

•Some advantages and possible pitfalls and of subject design and integrated design is the subject design in the subject-centered curriculum makes curriculum preparation faster and more straight forward. While integrated design the benefits of curriculum include not only at topics but also offering a practical learning environment for learners in a real life.

4. Name some schools nearby you that use a learner-centered curriculum.

•Daniel Z. Romualdez Memorial Elementary School

5. How do students learn in a learner-centered curriculum.

•Empower students to learn new things and discover by emphasizing how new knowledge solves a problem or value the information, the facilitator poses a problem and guides the class in developing a solution.

6. What are some benefits of having a learner-centered curriculum.

•Some benefits of having a learner-centered curriculum are enhancing the problem-solving skills, improve knowledge, learner's can study their own pace, and personalize learning.

7. Having a learner-centered curriculum in mind, answer the following questions below;

•a. What possible skills, knowledge, and value emphasized in the curriculum?
The possible skills that the educational approach will helps the learners to develop is the critical thinking, problem solving, creativity, innovation and team work that needs for every individual.

b. What possible learning experiences can be provided?

•The possible learning experience can be provided to the learners is to learn and discover new things to get a knowledge and understand in the curriculum concept.

c. What about the learning environment?

•Learner-centered has discovered that learning environments are critical to the learner success. Learner who study in a positive learning environment are more motivated, engaged, have greater overall learning ability, and have a safety learning environment which comfortable for the learner's.

8. Name a school nearby that uses problem-centered design.

•Doña Brigida Elementary School

9. Name some benefits and issues related to it's implementation.

•Some benefits and issues related to it's implementation are find it more enjoyable and satisfying, encourages greater understanding, promotes interdisciplinarity, and makes student learning a priority,

10. Identify some current issues and problems that can be used as a theme for a problem-based curriculum.

•Some current issues and problems that can be used as a theme for problem-based curriculum is the unready of the content knowledge of students to be prepared of the learning outcomes to make the curriculum success.

Module 2- Curriculum Development and Implementation

Lesson 2.1 Curriculum Development Models

1. Choose a linear curriculum development model and identify the possible strengths and weaknesses of each model when applied to the Philippine context.

" Hilda Taba's Gratssroots Rational Model "

• Gifted students begin thinking of a concept, then dive deeper into that concept
• Focuses on open-ended questions rather than right/wrong questions
• The open-endedness requires more abstract thinking, a benefit to our gifted students
• The questions and answers lend themselves to rich classroom discussion
• Easy to assess student learning

• Not appealing to curriculum developer who prefer global aspects of curriculum
• Be difficult for non-gifted students to grasp.
• Difficult for heterogeneous classrooms.
• Well for fiction and non-fiction, may be difficult to easily use in all subjects

2. Choose a cyclical curriculum development model and identify the possible strengths and weaknesses of each model when applied to the Philippine context.

" Nicholls’ and Nicholls’ Model of Curriculum " Development

•Highly prescriptive and dynamic
•Relevant and Responsive
•Recognizes the influence of contributing disciplines
• Prerequisites in formulating curriculum goals and objectives

• Many curriculum workers are used to developing curricula following a linear model like the top-down approach
• The tendency for teachers in higher education may find this model time-consuming because of the situational analysis required before developing any syllabus

3. Which among these dynamic curriculum development models can be applied in the Philippine context?

" Eisner’s Artistic Approach to Curriculum Development "

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Module 2- Curriculum Development and Implementation

Lesson 2.2 Curriculum Implementation

Interview a DepEd teacher and about their process of school level curriculum implementation practices. Use the roles and functions identified on this lesson. Determine teacher roles as a curriculum worker on your e-portfolio.


•Since that curriculum is made by the department of education. The first step is they plan what is the needed curriculum to be studied by the students. Next is they choose what contents and what necessary action needed for the implementation of the curriculum. The new curriculum is being sent to different division and the division let the teachers have trainings to what to do because if it is new curriculum, new competency, new strategies, new styles of teaching will be provided by the students. Orientation to be followed for the stakeholders . Next is the implementation of the curriculum after the implementation there will be evaluation of the said curriculum.

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Article- The Instrument Developed to Evaluate Local Curriculum in Indonesia

1. In what way is Indonesia's educational system and the Philippines' similar?

2. Summarize the methodology used in evaluating a curriculum.

3. What tools where used to derive results?
• Tools where used to derive results are questionnaire.

4. What did the evaluators found out from the results of the study?

5. What conclusion can you draw from the study?
• The conclusion can I draw the study is all about the similarities between Indonesia and Philippines educational system. This study is an effective tools for the curriculum design and relevant information for the educational system. It's an accurate and helpful to the school and the government for the background and benefits of education.

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