About us

Who are we?

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We are the Senior Highschool Students of
Marikina Highschool who have gathered to fulfill a common goal

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THE RESEARCHERS' OBJECTIVES
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1. This research project aims to create a paper from Saba banana peel pulp
2. To reduce the waste from fruit peels that is widely common in most communities.
3. To produce a paper that is economically cheap and environmentally friendly.
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Contact us via gmail
bananachromatographypaper@gmail.com

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THE PROJECT PLAN

Materials and Equipments

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This project will produce a paper made from raw and recycled materials that is effective and convenient for human, using the following:
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MATERIALS
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A. 350 grams of Saba banana peel
B. Paper waste (4 sheets)
C. 500 ml of Water
D. Bleach
E. Sponge
F. Piece of cloth
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EQUIPMENTS
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G. Strainer
H. Blender
I. Weighing scale
J. Measuring cup
K. Container
L. Casserole
M. Stove
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STEP #1

Preparation

Gather and prepare all the materials and equipment to be used. The researcher didn’t buy anything else for this experiment, and prepared all the materials and equipment that are needed. Materials and equipment that are commonly found at home.

STEP #2

Boil the Saba banana peel, boil the Saba banana peel for 15 minutes. Then cut the boiled Saba banana into strips then boil again for another 15 minutes.

STEP #3

Process
Using the blender, blend Saba banana peel together with the paper waste until they are thoroughly intergrated.

Step #4

Add water after blending to make the pulp, just put water in a container with the blended materials.

Step #5

After making the pulp, add the bleach until it turns white.

STEP #6

Rinse the mixture with water until the pH level of the pulp is neutral

STEP #7

To mold the pulp into sheets, use the silkscreen as an alternative mold and deckle.

Step #8

Dry it overnight or until the paper is fully dries

STEP #9

Experimentation

To test the finished product’s performance in chromatography, we ink to determine its effectiveness.

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COMMUNICATION PLAN

GAANT CHART

PRESENTATION OF RESULTS

Table #1

This study determined the effectiveness and result of the experimental product.

Table #2

Table 2 shows the characteristics of a paper and which among different concentration shares the same property. It appears that the Saba banana peel got the qualities of an actual paper and was capable in making a chromatography paper. The result shows that Concentration C is the best proportion needed to make a Chromatography Paper.

Table #3

Table 3 shows the different types of paper and which has the capability to be used on chromatography technique. Concentration B and C of experimental paper had the properties of a chromatography paper. The results showed that filter paper is also effective since the filter paper was often used as an alternative for chromatography paper, though compared to Concentration B and C, the filter paper took more time to complete the separation of pigments.

Table #4

Table 4 shows the analytical measures of the different types of paper. This data helps a lot in identifying which type of paper got the best result and the effectiveness of the experimental paper.

Chart 1

Chart 1 shows the effectiveness of each produced paper under different concentrations. Where in every bar, there are two colors that shows the percentage composition of Saba banana peel and paper waste. Data shows that Concentration C is more effective than Concentration A and B in terms of being a chromatography paper. This chart is based from the previous data in this study.

Table #5

Table 5 shows that the experimental chromatography paper (Concentration C) has a very good result which proves that this study is possible.

Table #6

Table 6 shows that the experimental chromatography paper can be used in different type of solvents. However, water, ethyl alcohol, vinegar, and acetone appeared as the best solvents to be used in terms of adsorption and in separating pigments.

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DISCUSSION

Result from table 1 and 2
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Based on the accumulated data, the researchers conclude that the concentration with the highest percentage amount of Saba banana peel is needed to make a chromatography paper since chromatography paper needs to be adsorbent for capillary action to happen.
According from the Review of Scientific Journal of Krishi Foundation, banana fibre and its chemical composition is ash (1-1.5%), lignin (12-18%), fat and wax (3- 5%), cellulose (50-60%), water soluble materials (2-3%), hemicelluloses (25- 30%), and pectin (3-5%). Mohiuddin et al. (2014) So, this led to the release and absorption of moisture easily. This has no negative effect on environment and considers as bio-degradable. Thus;

Result from table 3, 4, and 5
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​As seen in the data, it shows that the experimental papers with three concentrations named concentration A, B, and C have the capability to adsorb, separate, and identify pigments. Compared to tissue paper and bond paper, experimental papers have more capability to separate pigments since it is near in capability of a filter paper which was often used as an alternative chromatography paper.
From the study about separation techniques in Chromatography, it said that in paper, there is a support material that consist of highly saturated with water, a layer of cellulose. And it said that the thick type of filter paper is comprised of that support, then the water drops settled pores that made up the stationary
an eco-friend fiber was also categorized on it.


Result from table 6
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​The data from table 6 shows how each solvent affects the lightness and/or dullness of the pigments on the experimental papers. The results showed that water, ethyl alcohol and acetone worked best with the experimental chromatography paper.

CONCLUSION

The researchers concludes that concentration C or 75% of the banana peel and 25% of paper waste is effective in making a chromatography paper. In addition, commercial paper can be more effective considering its high quality however the Saba banana peel base paper is safer and convenient to use since, it releases pleasant scent due to its organic ingredients. And each and every one of us has the ability to make a paper that is non-toxic and inexpensive with just a simple set of waste organic materials found in our home.

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REFERENCES

REFERENCES
Judilynn N. Solidum, “Characterization of saba peels”, International Journal of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Volume 2, No.3 June 2011 http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.675.1694&rep=rep1&type=pdf


Ervin John Acoba Barros, Mary Anne Ramos Callanta, Gabriel Dichoso Ortega, Uriel Zarsaga, Lorcelie B. Taclan, Rhita Jaine Garcia and Rener Orais. Hemostatic Activity of Saba Banana (Musa sapientum Linn. Var. compressa) Peel Extract on Sparague Dawley Rats.http://isc2017.apiu.edu/conferencepapers/aup/Barros%20et%20al.Hemostatic.activity.banana.pdf?fbclid=IwAR1UqARJmQmsCM1XNZLYyVaWPKKE529952wZa0EBfFA1xc9BLWQ9dMrOPs



Ragab, M., Osman, M. F., Khalil, M. E. and Gouda, M. S. Food Technology Dept., Fac. of Agric., Kafrelsheikh Univ., Egypt, “BANANA (Musa sp.) PEELS AS A SOURCE OF PECTIN AND SOME FOOD NUTRIENTS”, Vol. 42(4), 2016: pp: 88-102. https://jsas.journals.ekb.eg/article_3028_1d9a3f94fdd8db2099f7a1fef28798aa.pdf

Hariani, Poedji & Riyanti, Fahma & Asmara, Riski. (2016). Extraction of Cellulose from Kepok Banana Peel (Musa parasidiaca L.) for Adsorption Procion Dye. Molekul. 11. 135. 10.20884/1.jm.2016.11.1.202.


Mohiuddin, A.K. M., Manas Kanti Saha, Md. Sanower Hossian, and Aysha Ferdoushi . “Usefulness of Banana (Musa Paradisiaca) Wastes in Manufacturing of Bio-Products: A Review.” A Scientific Journal of Krishi Foundation 12, no. 1 (June 14, 2014): 149.


https://www.britannica.com/science/paper-chromatography

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